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NELSON PEREIRA DOS SANTOS

1928 – Nelson Pereira dos Santos is born in São Paulo, on October 22, the youngest of four children to his parents Antonio Pereira dos Santos and Angelina Binare dos Santos.

1934 – Begins to study at a state school.

1936/7 – From the age of eight onwards, his father takes him to see major Hollywood film-releases at the cinema.

1944 – Begins to study classics at the Colégio do Estado Presidente Roosevelt.

1945 – Joins the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB). Works as sub-editor on the newspaper Diário da Noite.

1947 – Enrols at the School of Law. Writes film criticism for the newspaper Hoje.

1950 – Marries Laurita Santana. Makes his first film, Juventude, a 45-minute documentary on youth-labour in São Paulo, together with Mendel Charatz.

1951 – Graduates from the School of Law. His first son, Nelson, is born.

1952 – Moves with his family to Rio de Janeiro.

1954 – His second son, Ney, is born.

1955 – Concludes filming Rio, 40 graus, which is greeted with great success by both audience and critics. The family move [across Rio’s Guanabara Bay] to live in Niterói.

1957 – Concludes Rio, Zona Norte, which is not successful with either audience or critics. He gets to know (the enfant-terrible of Brazilian cinema) Glauber Rocha.

1958 – Works on the newspaper Jornal do Brasil. Writes the script for Vidas secas, based on the novel by Graciliano Ramos.

1961– Releases Mandacaru vermelho, another commercial failure. Works as film-editor on Glauber Rocha’s Barravento, which becomes a landmark in the emerging Cinema Novo movement.

1962 – Directs Boca de Ouro, based on a play by Nelson Rodrigues, which is a hit with the public. His youngest child, Márcia, is born. Cinema Novo explodes onto the scene.

1963 – Vidas secas opens in Rio de Janeiro, to critical acclaim.

1964 – Vidas secas represents Brazil, together with Glauber Rocha’s Deus e o diabo na terra do sol, at the XVII Cannes Festival, winning the top unofficial prize.

1965 – Abandons journalism, to lecture in cinema at the Universidade de Brasília.

1966 – Makes El Justicero.

1968 – Release of Fome de amor. Nelson Pereira dos Santos is appointed to the Universidade Federal Fluminense as head of the cinema sector, later becoming Professor of Cinematographic Arts.

1969 – Makes Azyllo muito louco, based on the Machado de Assis short story O Alienista, his first film in colour. Azyllo muito louco is selected for the Cannes Film Festival.

1970 – Nelson Pereira dos Santos’ father, Antonio, dies at the age of 73. He films Como era gostoso o meu francês, which is selected for the Berlin Film Festival and greeted with popular success. Wins the Luis Buñuel Prize at Cannes for Azyllo muito louco.

1972 – Returns to live in Rio de Janeiro.

1973 – Release of Quem é Beta?, which is badly received by critics and public.

1975 – Release of O amuleto de Ogum, selected for Cannes. Nelson Pereira dos Santos becomes the first president of the Brazilian Association of Film-makers. O amuleto de Ogum is awarded the prize for best film at the Gramado Film Festival.

1977 – Release of Tenda dos milagres, which wins the Best Film Prize at the Brasília Film Festival.

1981– Release of Estrada da vida, a popular success. Directs the TV Educativa programme Cinema Rio. Glauber Rocha dies at the age of 42.

1984 – Release of Memórias do cárcere, to critical and audience acclaim. The film opens the Directors’ Fortnight at Cannes, winning the Critics Prize, and is also awarded the prize for best film at the Havana Festival of New Latin-american Cinema.

1986 – Films Jubiabá, based on Jorge Amado’s literary works. Nelson Pereira dos Santos is decorated with the Félix Varela Order, Cuba’s highest cultural award.

1994 – Release of A terceira margem do rio, based on a Guimarães Rosa short-story.

1995 – Release of Cinema de lágrimas.

1998 – Awarded the Oscarito Trophy at the Gramado Film Festival, for his contribution to cinema.