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VIDEO    PROFILE    BIO    OPUS    EXCERPT    CRITICAL 
HERM?NIO BELLO DE CARVALHO

1935 – Born in the district of Olaria in the city of Rio de Janeiro on 28 March, youngest son of Ignácio Bello de Carvalho and Francisca da Costa Carvalho.

1948 – Begins to attend the Rádio Nacional as a "auditorium monkey", to use the depreciative expression coined by Nestor de Hollanda.

1950 – Begins to work as clerk in the Saveiros Camuyrano Company in Rio de Janeiro.

1951 – Participates as editor and reporter in the Rádio Entrevista, a publication that aims to vie with Anselmo Domingos' famous Revista do Rádio. As a reporter he had the opportunity to interview Linda Batista (who took him to Petrópolis to meet Getúlio Vargas), Francisco Alves, Heleninha Costa, Dolores Duran, Dalva de Oliveira, Emilinha Borba, Marlene, and others. As editor, he wrote a column on records.

1953 – Produces the first radio experience of reading to music interpreted for the microphone. This audition was held in a radio studio on short wave by the PRN-9 and lasted twenty-five minutes. Jodacil Damasceno was the guitarist invited to play on this experimental program. The presentation was a success and had twenty-six auditions.

1956 – Writes Carta ao poeta Manuel Bandeira (Letter to the poet Manuel Bandeira), published in no 14 of the Revista de Música Popular and criticizing an article written by Bandeira under the title Literatura de Violão (Guitar Literature).

1958 – Begins his activities at the Ministry of Education and Culture Radio at the invitation of musicologist Mozart Araújo. Writes and presents radio programs and also produces many series between 1958 and 1960 and between 1964 and 1971, among them Violão de Ontem e de Hoje, Retratos Musicais, Reminiscências do Rio de Janeiro, Mudando de Conversa, Música, divina música and Orquestra de Sopros.

1963 – Delivers the lecture on Sambas e Sambistas Cariocas at the National Museum of Fine Arts in the city of Rio de Janeiro.
– Presents free samba shows at the Zicartola restaurant in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

1964 – Creates the avantgarde movement called O Menestrel (The Minstrel), which brings together popular and erudite music in the same concerts. Within this line of spectacle, in December he presents Clementina de Jesus at Kleber Santos' Teatro Jovem, an occasion on which the singer performed with the classical guitarist Turíbio Santos.
Debuts as composer in the musical Opinião with the samba Cicatriz, written with Zé Keti and sung by Nara Leão.

1965 – Writes the script for and directs the musical Rosa de Ouro. This show featured Clementina de Jesus and Araci Cortes, along with Paulinho da Viola (revealed to the public in this show), Nelson Sargento da Mangueira, Anescarzinho do Salgueiro, Élton Medeiros da Unidos de Lucas and Jair do Cavaquinho da Portela. After Rosa de Ouro, these artists began to enjoy opportunities on television networks and in recording studios, which until then had been closed to them.
– Begins his activity as record producer with the LP Elizeth sobe o Morro.
– Delivers talks on Villa-Lobos in Portugal, Spain and France.
– The LP with the origin sound track of the show Rosa de Ouro comes out. This record is awarded the Euterpe Prize, besides being unanimously considered the best of the year.

1966 – Elected holder of chair nº 4 at the Literary Academy of Três Rios, a city in the State of Rio de Janeiro.
– Premiere of João – Amor e Maria, a popular opera composed together with Maurício Tapajós and Cacaso (the LP was launched the same year), in the Teatro Jovem in the city of Rio de Janeiro.
– Becomes a member of the Superior Council of Popular Music at the Popular Museum of Image and Sound (MIS) in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

1967 – Participates in the II International Song Festival Internacional promoted by TV Globo, receiving eighth place for the song Fala Baixinho, composed in partnership with Pixinguinha and presented by Ademilde Fonseca.

1968 – Writes and directs the show joining together Elizeth Cardoso, Jacob do Bandolim, Zimbo Trio and the Época de Ouro in the Teatro João Caetano in the city of Rio de Janeiro.
– Directs the show Mudando de Conversa with the participation of Ciro Monteiro, Clementina de Jesus and Nora Ney.
– His samba Sei lá Mangueira, written in partnership with Paulinho da Viola, is classified among the finalists at the IV Festival of Brazilian Popular Music organized by TV Record in São Paulo.
– Wins third place at the I Biennial of Samba sponsored by TV Record, with the song Pressentimento, composed together with Élton Medeiros.

1970 – Writes, in partnership with Fauzi Arap, the script for the show É a Maior, which presents singer Marlene in the golden days of the Rádio Nacional.
– Directs two shows starring Elizeth Cardoso in the Sucata club in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

1971 – Directs, with Fauzi Arap, the show Na Boca da Noite um Gosto de Sol starring Marlene. The presentation was in the Colt 45 club in the city of Rio de Janeiro.
– Dismissed from the MEC Radio by the military government.

1973 – Tours France, Belgium and Germany directing the show Panorama Brasileiro.
– Resigns from the Saveiros Camuyrano Company .

1974 – Directs the show Festa Brasil, presented in the United States and Canada. The show featured Simone, Tamba Trio, Roberto Ribeiro and the Conjunto Folclórico Viva Bahia.
– Writes the script for and directs the show Face a Faca, starring Simone.
– Assumes the Vice-presidency of the Sociedade Musical Brasileira – SOMBRÁS, which struggles to moralize author's rights. The Presidency was occupied by Tom Jobim.

1975 – Writes the script for and directs the show Te Pego pela Palavra, starring Marlene and presented in the Number One club in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

1976 – Launches the LP record Pastores da Noite.
– Begins the artistic direction of the Seis e Meia project in the Teatro João Caetano, Rio de Janeiro. The series was created by Albino Pinheiro for the purpose of diffusing Brazilian popular music and taking advantage of idle theater time to put on low-cost shows.
– Contracted by TV Educativa – TVE, where he begins to produce and present the programs Água-Viva, Lira do Povo, Contraluz and Mudando de Conversa.
– The TV Educativa – TVE holds a special show on his life, with the participation of Marlene, Araci de Almeida, Marisa Gata Mansa and Simone and declarations by Sérgio Cabral, Caetano Veloso and Heleninha Costa.

1977 – Receives the Antena de Ouro prize for the program Água-Viva, broadcast by the TV Educativa – TVE.
– Inspired by the Seis e Meia project, creates the Pixinguinha project at the National Article Foundation – FUNARTE, with the aim of carrying Brazilian popular music to the farthest corners of the country and stimulating the creation of new audiences by subsidized admission for low-income spectators.

1978 – Takes over as head of the Consultancy on Special Projects of the National Art Foundation – FUNARTE, where he develops a series of projects, among which: Lúcio Rangel (awards for and editing of monographs on Brazilian popular music artists); Almirante (editing para-didactic records on Ismael Silva, Geraldo Pereira, Wilson Batista, Ataulfo Alves, Orquestra de Cordas Dedilhadas de Pernambuco, banjo player Jacaré, etc.); Ayrton Barbosa (editing unpublished scores); Radamés Gnattali (editing para-didactic records to stimulate ensemble-playing) and Ary Barroso (diffusing Brazilian popular music overseas).

1979 – Receives the Estácio de Sá trophy – granted by the City Government of Rio de Janeiro – for his work in the field of Brazilian popular music.
– Produces the LP Valzinho, Um Doce Veneno, bringing back Zezé Gonzaga after an absence of 10 years.

1980 – Directs the show Vida de Artista, with Elizeth Cardoso, in the Teatro João Caetano in Rio de Janeiro.

1983 – Directs Dorival Caymmi at the Shell Prize awards ceremony in the Teatro Municipal of Rio de Janeiro.
– Directs Elizeth Cardoso in the show Canção de Amor in the Golden Room of the Copacabana Palace in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

1984 – Receives the Title Maior Personalidade da Música Popular Brasileira (Brazilian Popular Music Personality of the Year) granted by a committee of critics chosen by Playboy magazine.
– Directs Luiz Gonzaga at the Shell Prize awards ceremony in the Teatro Municipal in Rio de Janeiro.

1985 – In the year of his 50th birthday, the LP record Lira do Povo and the book of poetry Bolha de Luz are presented.
– Writes the script for and directs the show Caymmi em Concerto, with Dorival Caymmi and held in the Teatro Castro Alves in Salvador, State of Bahia.
– Receives the Pedro Ernesto medal granted by the Municipal Chamber of Rio de Janeiro.

1987 – Parades in the Front Committee of the Estação Primeira de Mangueira Samba School in the Rio de Janeiro carnival.
– Directs Herivelto Martins in the Shell Prize awards ceremony in the Teatro Municipal in Rio de Janeiro.

1989 – Leaves the National Art Foundation – FUNARTE.
– Produces Elizeth Cardoso's last two LPs – Todo Sentimento and Ary Barroso.
– Directs Elizeth Cardoso's last presentation.

1990 – Participates in the Poeta Mostra a sua Cara project in the Rio Jazz Club in the city of Rio de Janeiro.
– He is dismissed by President Collor and his activities at the TV Educativa – TVE come to an end.

1991 – Produces the LP No Tom da Mangueira, with Tom Jobim, Chico Buarque de Hollanda, Caetano Veloso, Paulinho da Viola, among others.

1992 – Directs the cycle on Lamartine Babo at the Espaço Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social – BNDES in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

1993 – Directs the show São Francisco, with Oswaldo Montenegro, which tours many cities throughout the country.

1994 – Launches the book Cartas cariocas para Mário de Andrade.

1995 – Directs Baden Powell in the Shell Music Prize awards ceremony in the city of Rio de Janeiro.
– Publishes the books Sessão passatempo and Umas e outros.
– To celebrate his sixtieth birthday, several shows and exhibits are held in Rio de Janeiro (The National Museum of Fine Arts and the Museum of Image and Sound) and in São Paulo.

1996 – Interested in the environmental cause, he develops the Trupes da Folia project in the Jequiá mangrove swamps on the Ilha do Governador in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

1997 – Receives the SHARP Prize for Music for his composition Timoneiro, in collaboration with Paulinho da Viola.
– Directs the show Chico Buarque de Mangueira.
– Projects the Mangueira Memorial Center.

1998 – Receives the SHARP Prize for Music for the second time with his composition Chão de Esmeraldas, in partnership with Chico Buarque de Hollanda.

1999 – Produces a CD with songs by Wilson Batista interpreted by Cristina Buarque, a CD with Zezé Gonzaga and Jane Duboc, and the CD Bate outra vez with music by Maurício Tapajós.